Design and Fabrication of Magnetic Suspension System in Two Wheelers

Design and Fabrication of Magnetic Suspension System in Two Wheelers

Design and Fabrication of Magnetic Suspension System in Two Wheelers Suspension is a mechanical arrangement contributing to vehicle’s road handling behavior. If roads were perfectly flat with no irregularities, suspensions wouldn’t be necessary. It’s these imperfections that apply force to the wheels .There are many types of suspensions such as double wishbone, trailing arm and air shocks. But these suspensions possess some disadvantages such as vibration, mechanical failure and stiffness variation. So in this paper we have introduced the idea of “MAGNETIC SUSPENSION” which will enhance the driving pleasure and control over road. Magnetic suspension will allow us to get variable stiffness and much higher comfort just by playing with magnetic field. It will also allow us to reduce wear and tear along with less maintenance. The magnetic
suspension has two cylindrical tubular structure having electromagnets on both ends.

The magnetic field will be induced using battery power which is produced by electromagnets using a feedback loop. Also when current passes through a wire, a magnetic field around that wire is generated. When the current through the wire stops, so does the previously generated magnetic field. The strength of the generated magnetic field is proportional to the rate of current through the wire. When a wire is coiled, this generated magnetic field is concentrated to the centre of the coil.

Design and Fabrication of Magnetic Suspension System in Two Wheelers
Design and Fabrication of Magnetic Suspension System in Two Wheelers

The strength of this field can be increased by placing a ferromagnetic material in the centre of the coil. The arrangement will be in such a way that same poles will be facing each other resulting in repulsion of the magnets. That is either (+) positive – (+) positive or vice versa. Reducing vehicle’s vibrations while travelling on irregular roads, the magnets will act as dampers and damping effect will be produced due to repulsion between them. Moreover stiffness can also be controlled by varying magnetic field according to the requirement.

Design and Fabrication of Magnetic Suspension System in Two Wheelers
Design and Fabrication of Magnetic Suspension System in Two Wheelers


Working Principle of Magnetic Suspension System Magnetic Suspension or magnetic ride control is a type of suspension system where the shock absorbers reacts to the road and adjusts much faster than regular absorbers. Magnetic suspension can adapt to uneven road surfaces several hundred times per second, in fact it takes only a few milliseconds to adjust any one of the shock absorbers. Magnetic suspension is described as the fastest reacting suspension in the world as sensors monitor the road surface up to 1000 times per second and an ECU can make variations within a few milliseconds resulting in the possibility ofmultiple damping variations being made in a second.
Magnetic ride control uses a system known as magneto rheological technology for suspension damping. Each absorber is filled with a polymer liquid containing many small magnetic particles. An electrical charge is sent to the liquid in the absorber which immediately changes the position of the particles in the liquid and its viscosity. Theviscosity of the polymer liquid can be changed to an almost solid state similar to plastic or rubber in composition. As the viscosity of the liquid changes, it offers a difference in the damping. Each of the four dampers are adjusted individually and independently even when it seems that all of them are doing the same thing. This ensures a comfortable ride along
various road surfaces.
Magnetic suspension reduces vibrations, bouncing, noise and body roll very effectively on all road surfaces and at any speed that the vehicle could travel. The reduction of body roll may reduce the need for anti- roll bars. Another benefit is that these dampers easily offers the best of both worlds in the ride comfort/handling compromise that many other suspension systems are subjected to. Although this type of suspension offers a very comfortable ride, sport settings can be applied or tuned into the system to cater for performance vehicles.
Magnetic Shock Absorber which is mainly based on the principle of magnetic property like when the same poles of two magnets come in contact with each other then they are repulsed from each other. This unit is mounted in vehicle such as other type of shock absorber. The working of this absorber is very simple. Two magnets are mounted in this way that one is mounted below and other is on upper side.
Poles of these magnets are same at inner side so that they are repulsed from each other and space is made between them due to this. When the vehicle is running on the bump or the muddy road then the space between two magnets is reduced and then shocks and variations present in the vehicle absorbed by repulsion property of the magnet. By using this type of absorber we can absorb the more number of shocks and variations are absorbed with the more accuracy. This shock absorber has no problem of leakage of oil like hydraulic shock absorber. Also this has less maintenance than other types of shock absorber. So that we can made this type of shock absorber for the efficient work of vehicle and for reducing the maintained cost of vehicle.

Click here to Download Abstract of this Project

Credits: Click here for Research Journal

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